Should Reptiles Be Kept As Pets?

How do the cold blooded differ from your everyday cat and dog? They don’t in terms of being sentient, affectionate and loving. The difference is that reptiles are not companion animals. They are a wild animal, and will display those instincts at certain intervals. Naturally their true place is to live in the wild. Unfortunately there are many species of reptiles sold in pet stores these days, and many of them are still being taken from the wild in order to start breeding programmes.

Taking any animal from the wild is highly illegal here in Australia and the penalties are harsh if one is caught, and is also one of the cruellest acts of selfishness to have an exotic animal to show off to mates at the expense of the animals welfare where they are unable to live life on their own terms. This is one reason we often hear that a snake has strangled his keeper. This is not surprising. The snake is kept inside a glass tank that has inadequate room for him to move about, forcing him to remain coiled up for hours and even days with barely any interaction with his keeper.

He then becomes highly frustrated with this type of situation, which is not natural to him. Imagine if you were locked up in a tiny room unable to move around. For those of you who already keep reptiles, there are quite a few books on how to set up vivarium’s which can be purchased in bookstores or library and online. I highly recommend seeking out people who run “herpetology groups.” These are groups of people who share a common interest in all reptiles. Although these books and groups give you information on setting up enclosures and vivarium’s, there is little information on how to interact with

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Painted Turtles As Pets

The painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) is not your average aquatic turtle. This species (including its various subspecies) has the largest range of any north American turtle, and can found in suitable habitats from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast of North America. It is also colorful, outgoing, moderately-sized, and very undemanding. Let’s take a closer look at painted turtles and see whether they are the right pet turtle for you.

Tank Setup

Tank setup for painted turtles generally follows the basic design already described. Like the red-eared slider, with which it is often confused, painted turtles are the quintessential basking-type turtle that inhabits ponds, lakes and lazy rivers, around which they spend a great deal of time soaking up the sun. If you’ve ever seen them in the wild, you will understand just how important these basking sites are. Juveniles and adults will often be piled up on one another in the choicest sunning spots, and long tanning lines of individuals will form on sufficiently thick tree branches. Consequently, you will need a good heat lamp or ceramic heater, and it is also a good idea to use a UV-B emitting bulb as well.

In addition to providing a good basking spot, these turtles will enjoy a large and deep swimming area. These are not large turtles, but, depending on the subspecies, males will generally reach at least 4 inches at maturity, with females getting to around 7 inches in total carapace length. Applying the general rule of thumb of 10 gallons to each inch of carapace length is a good starting point when estimating tank size.

Like just about all basking turtles, the painted turtle likes to shred its food and will generally make a mess of just about anything it eats. This, coupled with their significant size at maturity, poses a

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Bearded Dragon Diet Explained

A bearded dragons diet will be made up of two types of foods. The first will be vegetation and the second will be insects. Below are the main foods you will be wanting to feed to your bearded dragon as staple foods. Staple foods are types of foods that are acceptable to be fed on a daily basis. Everything else that’s not on this list is probably not a good choice and should not be fed.

Vegetation: Butternut Squash, Cactus Pads, Collard Greens, Dandelion Greens, Green Acorn Squash, Mustard Greens, Kabocha Squash, Tunip Greens (not the root), and Yuca Root.

Insects: Silkworms, Phoenix worms, Crickets, Roaches, Superworms, and Mealworms.

The most common insect that pet stores sell regularly are waxworms. Waxworms are very high in fat and should not be fed to reptiles. Only feed waxworms on holidays and birthdays as a treat.

The amount to feed your bearded dragon varies depending on the age and size of your beardie. But normally you would want to follow this rule:

Baby/Juvenile: 20% Vegetation and 80% Insects

Adult: 80% Vegetation and 20% Insects

The amount of insects to feed should be what your lizard can consume within 15 minutes. After the 15 minutes, take out the insects that your lizard did not eat. And that’s all there is to it. If you leave the insects in the enclosure after the 15 minute interval, the odds are the insects will just bother your pet dragon.

Don’t forget to gutload and supplement your insects before you feed them to your bearded dragon. Gutloading simply means to feed your insects properly to make sure your bearded dragon is getting all the nutrition it needs through them. A good insect diet can be bought at any pet store. Now, before you feed the insects to your lizard, you should always dust them with supplements.

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Reptile Health: UV Lighting

Along with a source of bright light and heat, such as incandescent lights, most reptiles require broad-spectrum UVA/UVB lighting. Providing the proper amount of UV to your reptiles is vital for their health. In their natural environment lizards spend a lot of time sunbathing, which provides these essential light-rays, but in captivity it is essential that we provide this for them.

The difference between UVA and UVB Light

UVA is a long range ultra violet light. UVA light stimulates your reptile into normal daytime activities and is important in establishing a daytime/nighttime routines. Reptiles that receive sufficient UVA are more active, eat more, breed more readily, and display a general sense of well-being.

UVB is a short range ultra violet light that is essential for the reptile’s digestive process. Exposure to UVB produces vitamin D3 in the reptile’s skin.

The Importance of UV Lighting

Reptiles need a cycle of day and night to have optimum health and temperament. Without a consistent day/night cycle your reptile will become stressed and may exhibit symptoms such as loss of appetite or poor temperament. This is where the UVA comes into play. UVA rays tell the reptile that it is daytime, and stimulate the animal to go about normal daytime activities such as feeding, bathing, and exploring.

Vitamin D3 is required for your reptiles to absorb and utilize calcium. The D3 is produced inside of the reptile’s skin while sunbathing and soaking up UVB rays. In captivity, exposure to natural sunlight is limited and materials such as glass, fiberglass, Plexiglas, and screens filter out the UVB, so we must provide an alternative source of UVB rays.

Many health problems can occur if your reptile is not getting enough UVB due to the lack of vitamin D3. Symptoms can range from decreased digestion, loss of appetite and mouth or

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Announcing the Benefits of Snake and Reptile Courses

There is a negative stigma around snakes that often leads to the fear of them. Learning how to handle a snake correctly could cure you of that fear. There are many different companies and organisations out there that are proud to be able to provide people with the opportunity to get to know these misunderstood creatures a little bit better.

There are many benefits regarding attending educational snake and reptile courses. Regardless of where you live, you will often find three main types of snake and reptile courses. These include Snake Identification and Snakebite Treatment Courses, Venomous Snake handling Courses and Black Mamba Handling Courses. These courses are designed to give you the most up to date knowledge about snakes and reptiles in general.

Often, Snake Identification and Snakebite Treatment Courses will cover the following:

  • Identification of the dangerous and medically important snakes
  • Symptoms and syndromes of snakebite
  • First Aid
  • Medical treatment
  • Allergies and treatment

These courses are aimed at providing you with the knowledge that you need in order to handle these snakes – which is extremely important if you are looking at getting into a work field that requires interaction with snakes. It is also an important course to take if you are studying a medical degree. Once you have completed this course, you will be given 5 CPD (Continued Professional Development) points.

The Venomous Snake Handling Courses are recognised by the Field Guides Association and are perfect for someone who has just started to keep indigenous snakes or any other type of snake.

The Black Mamba Handling Courses have been designed so as to give you the knowledge that you need with regard to handling this specific venomous snake. Many organisations may offer this particular snake and reptile handling course to businesses that are situated in an area where Black Mambas are indigenous. The course will have

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How To Tell If Your Pet Reptile Likes You

I would say that most herpetologists may not be too concerned about whether or not their reptile likes them. They usually have quite a collection of snakes, lizards, turtles and even frogs. They may appear to be well cared for on a physical level and neglected on a personal level. Reptiles are also known as “exotic pets.” The reptile trade is appalling and many people including myself do not support this trade. Around ninety five percent of animals will die being poorly transported and insufficiently cared for on their journey to and from different countries.

Like children, animals are a reflection of their home life, and their happiness and contentment will depend largely on the quality time you are prepared to give them. Reptiles are very ancient creatures they go back a very long way in history. All reptiles are ectothermic’s therefore they display affection a little differently than a cat or a dog. In the wild they can almost stop their heart from beating. They have the ability to slow down their metabolism in winter to hibernate, this is also known as brumation.

I have had a pet lizard since he was only two weeks old, he is a happy and contented naughty twelve year old. He behaves similar to a dog in slow motion. He has been domesticated, for example when I call him he will normally respond by turning his body around and looking in the direction of my voice. I need to call his name several times before he comes ambling over to me. Reptiles do not require to be fed daily. They can go for weeks on end without food especially if they are in hibernation mode. How do you know your reptile likes you?

They will feel comfortable around you. If you have built up a truly

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How Do Turtle Eggs Breath?

A sea turtle nest gains an advantage from being between several inches (15 cm or more to top) to a yard (1 meter) under the surface of the sand. Temperature moderates as depth increases both in terms of absolute value and daily fluctuation. Water content of the sand stays stable of depths of the nest even though the sand dries near the surface. The main problem for a clutch of eggs is obtaining enough oxygen to carry out metabolism and getting rid of carbon dioxide produced in respiration. Oxygen is transported in the air and sand surrounding the nest to the clutch inside the nest by the process known as diffusion. Carbon dioxide is transported away in the same way.

Fick’s law of diffusion defines the process. The movement of material by diffusion depends upon the driving force that exists between an area of high concentration and one of low concentration and the resistance of the pathway between the source and the sink. In the case of a turtle nest the sand provides most of the resistance because the eggshell is relatively porous to the flow of gases. In some cases oxygen can drop from 20.9% in the air to 20.4% in the sand due to the metabolism of bacteria in the sand and to 12 – 14% in the middle of the clutch just before hatching. However, the level of oxygen in the clutch is similar to alveoli in the human lung.

One of the reasons that leatherback turtles lay their eggs in the dry season is that the dry layer that forms at the surface of the sand helps to transport gases more readily between the air and the nest. Olive Ridley nests on arribada beaches suffer from low oxygen levels because of the high density of the nests in

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